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Circular Economy & International Trade: Opportunities & Challenges for India

Despite the consequences of the Covid-19 pandemic, India is currently in a unique position as one of the countries that are "most ready for circularity". This is due to its expanding middle class, urbanisation, and developing technology as well as significant economic growth from manufacturing and worldwide supply chains. To keep up with these trends, India must accelerate its transition to a circular economy (CE), given its fragile ecosystem and fast-changing climate.

To develop a comprehensive and tailored circular economy development plan for India, we have been commissioned to conduct a study that combines the local context and policy framework with national visions. It will cover CE practices, the utilisation of Global Circular Value Chains (GCVC) for a faster circular economy transition, and an analysis of opportunities and challenges for India.


The objective of the study is to explore opportunities to make India a part of GCVC with 5 key goals:

  • Stimulating circular design practices & circular business models;


  • Developing resource management systems to increase the productive use and high-value span of goods and materials;


  • Aligning economic, trade, and taxation policy to circular economy outcomes;


  • Leveraging public finance capabilities towards public & private investment in innovation, infrastructure, and skills related to the circular economy;


  • Aligning new and existing policies in order to unlock a systematic, economy-wide transition to a circular economy.


  • Ongoing project

Focus areas

  • Circular economy in the Indian context

  • Tailored CE development scheme for Indian policies and vision

  • Utilizing GCVC for India's CE development

  • Opportunities for India in joining GCVC

  • Challenges for India

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