• Mihir Kallapur, Sophia Vlieger de Oliveira & Arpit Bhutani

The Green Strategic Partnership between India and Denmark



The strategic engagement between India and Denmark has existed for a significant period and is the focus of this paper, which builds on the Green Strategic Partnership signed by India and Denmark in 2020. Bilateral relations between India and Denmark have existed since 1960, and have consisted mainly of Denmark’s development aid granted to India in sectors like agriculture, health, and drinking water.


The Green Strategic Partnership between India and Denmark, a mutually beneficial agreement, focuses on addressing issues of national as well as international importance and on shifting efforts towards more engagement in green technologies and sustainable practices. It aims to help advance political cooperation, expand economic relations and green growth, and contribute to the Paris Agreement. The partnership also focuses on circular economy implementation and the UN sustainable development goals. Efforts will centre around climate, energy, and decarbonization across all sectors of the economies.


The paper begins by presenting the historical strategic ties between India and Denmark. It then outlines the importance of a circular economy to India. The following sections discuss the Green Strategic Partnership between India and Denmark and the circular economy initiatives contained in it. The paper then explores how the two countries can learn from and support each other through the partnership. To conclude, the paper outlines opportunities between the two countries.


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Circular Press No. 3 - Green Strategic Partnership
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